Governments worldwide need to start formulating strong policies for external and internal climate refugees.

“California Air and Army National Guard Battles Rim Fire Over Yosemite National Forest [Image 11 of 27]” by DVIDSHUB is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Millions of people worldwide are being displaced by climate change, and the numbers will continue to increase, with top projections being around 1 billion climate refugees by 2050.

In North America, climate refugees are also our fellow citizens (think fire and flood caused relocations). Many don’t talk about them in that way yet, and things are going to get worse even. In fact, if and when they are discussed, they are referred to as climate migrants, which implies that they have some choice in their movements, which I do not agree with.

Privileged/rich countries have a moral obligation to enact…


Photo by David Smooke on Unsplash

I wanted to articulate pertinent issues related to critical media literacy and the contentious issue of how to determine what a reliable media source is. How, for example, should we ‘read’ news that comes out of corporate-controlled and/or publicly-owned news media sources (ex. New York Times, Washington Post, CNN, BBC, CBC, NPR), and can they be considered as reliable sources?

There is a tendency to view mainstream media sources as reliable and I felt it was important to discuss the problems with this because many use them as sources without considering their connections to the ruling class, how they normalize…


French policemen check the attestation of a driver on Jan. 5, 2021 in Metz, eastern France, as a new curfew is in effect at 6 p.m. in 15 French departments to fight against the spread of the new coronavirus. JEAN-CHRISTOPHE VERHAEGEN / AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES

What is causing the spike in daily COVID-19 cases in Quebec? According to Quebec’s Ministry of Health, the majority of outbreaks are in workplaces (46.5% active and 55.1% completed), followed by long-term care homes (37.8% active and 10.3% completed), educational settings (6% active and 23.4% completed), childcare (4.4% active and 6.8% completed), activities and events (1.5% active and 2.6% completed), and ‘other’ (3.6% active and 1.6% completed). Workplaces are the worst. How will a curfew help?

Quebec’s CAQ Party Premier Legault likens the curfew to “shock therapy”. He posted on Facebook: “The principal reason for a curfew is to prevent…


Warning: We’re going to be asked to buy a lot of things post-COVID, and many of us are going to want to because we’ve been targeted to do just that since birth.

Photo by Harry Cunningham on Unsplash

It began almost immediately with car commercials referring to how hard this time has been and to go enjoy a nice solitary ride in a new car¹. Just expect marketing to intensify once our masks are dropped.

We’ll be asked to forget about the momentary respite we had from air and noise pollution and to view their returns as signs of normal; that the war against the virus was won so we can get back to transporting things and our bodies around and, of course, buying more things.

The campaign for the return to ‘normalcy’ will be subtle and moving


A 2016 article from Scientific American, “A Plan to Defend against the War on Science” by Shawn Otto, is even more pertinent 4 years on.

The ‘war on science’ has been escalating with the Trump administration, and now even more with the pandemic. Recently, I was shocked to discover that a politician I had worked with who was completely behind the science on climate change was questioning the science on vaccination research — it was a mish mash of science and science denialism to suit his world view.

The war on science manifests itself with the dismissal of facts, the…

Maria Korpijaakko, Ph.D.

Ph.D. in critical media literacy, education, democracy, and social media. Climate change activist. Horticulturalist.

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